In some places, there’s still discomfort around the topic of masturbation. But we’ve come a long way from masturbation was depicted in prehistoric cave paintings.
The Ancient Egyptians venerated masturbation: when it was performed by a god was considered a magical act. A god have created the universe by masturbating, and the ebb and flow of the Nile was attributed to the frequency of his ejaculations. Or also Pharaohs were required to masturbate during a ceremony into the Nile.
Other ancient civilisations celebrated masturbation too. For ancient Greeks, masturbation was common practice and an healthy substitute for other sexual pleasures, against sexual frustration. Neverthless for the Elite opinion probably the masturbation was a ‘waste of semen’, and it was a practice for slaves and lunatics, publicly at least!
During ancient Roman time, homosexuality was not only socially acceptable but actively encouraged as the masturbation too. Women weren’t left out of the game. They were fond of taking spa days, where they indulged with an olisbos, an artificial phallus of about 15 centimeters, with a wooden core lined with padded leather. There were several types, but the least expensive was the olisbokollix, the bread dough dildo-breadstick: do it yourself and made to measure. They used also olive oil as a lubricant.